Foraging in June. ‘At-a-glance’ monthly UK foraging guide

A bite-size guide to Foraging in June. Britain’s wild food, herbal medicine, and edible fungi.

13 of the best species to find and try when out foraging in June.

When you are out foraging in June, you wander a landscape utterly transformed by all the fresh new growth and fertility of the previous few weeks.

Now that the days are at their longest, the majority of plants have climaxed their pollination and fruit-setting.

Approaching summer solstice, plants are found to be concentrating their resources, by re-directing their accumulated and stored energy inwards, nourishing their ripening fruits while these in turn protect the developing embryo in the seed.

The following 13 species are easily found, when you are in the right habitat and setting…

To help with your foraging skills all-year-round, my handy, pocket-sized, waterproof plant identification cards can back up your foraging know how. Designed specifically for help ‘in the field’, the bullet-point information and characteristic photo’s should enable you to find and identify the plants at various times of the year. 

If you have already read the summary guide to the plant family patterns, then many of these plants might well look familiar.

Some of the best and easiest foraging in June will be done in the urban environment and at the coast. Our early flowering fruit trees and shrubs start bearing in towns and cities when the evenings are long, in the latter part of June.

In park-lands, gardens, and also found lining numerous residential streets, our wild cherry fruits (Prunus species) will be ready in mid to late June. These are soon followed by Cherry plums (Prunus cerasifera). It is impossible to tell whether you will get a sweet cherry until you try. Some are bitter, some are sweet. Just suck it and see!

You can find lots of Berberis and Mahonia fruits in town, where they are typically planted as evergreen distractions from the harsh developments they border. Read more on urban foraging in my short guide

In June woodlands, you will see that the rose petals and elder flowers, recently found in abundance at the beginning of the month, quickly fade away later on. These are replaced by the delicious first early wild raspberries and strawberries.

The nettles will be seeding up and down the country, unless they have been strimmed or mowed. If they have been cut you will find nettle patches to extend your nettle leaf season. The leaves on these ones are spring-like in freshness and make just as good eating. A full length article on nettles was published last year.

Coming along soon will be ripened brown nettle seeds, which are great sprinkled on salads.They seem to give me increased energy. This is a plant that was traditionally assigned by Astrologer-physicians to the planet Mars.

13 of the best wild foods and medicines to find when foraging in June.

SpeciesWhat to harvestWhere to look
Sea campionLeaves, flowersCoastal cliffs, sand dunes, grass banks
Sea sandwortLeaves, leafy topsSand dunes, shingle beach margins, estuaries
Mahonia fruitsFruitsAs an amenity planting in numerous settings
YarrowFlowersgrasslands,
hedgerows, parkland
Wall rocketsLeaves, flowering tops, flowerscoastal areas, waste ground, grassy areas
MeadowsweetFlowers and flowering topsriver and canal banks, watermeadows, meadows
Wild strawberryFruitswoodlands, hedgerows, grassy banks
Mallow 'cheeses'FruitsAll over UK in various settings
Hogweed broccoliFlower budsAll over UK in verious settings
Estuary peasFruit (seed pods)Estuary tributary banks, salt marsh, coastal settings
Wall bellflowerLeaves, flowersAny urban wall
Marsh samphireYoung stemsflat estuaries, salt marsh
Chicken of the woodsFleshy young cap'Numerous tree species, especially oak,

 

Sea campion, in its typical cushion habit, and full of flowers in the summer. Its leaves are good all through the spring

Sea campion  (Silene maritima) A clump-forming, fleshy-leaved relative of chickweed. Also known as S.uniflora. This fleshy leaved plant will be found mostly at the coast. The leaves have a juicy succulence and mild pea favour (to my palate), with little bitterness. 

 

Sea sandwort is a delicacy when found on sand.

Sea sandwort  (Honckenya peploides) Small coastal plant, usually found on sand dunes, estuaries and areas of wasteground near the sea. This small perennial plant has fleshy, cucumber tasting leaves, although this seems to be dependent on where it grows. The best flavours I’ve found are from plants growing in sand. The plants I found on grazed mudflats seem to be more bitter.

 

mahonia fruits will be ready by solstice. They are recognisable from their purple-blue yeast bloom, oval shape and tart taste. They are one of the urban highlights when foraging in June. The fruits contain many seeds.
Mahonia fruits will be ready by solstice and are definitely one of the urban highlights of foraging in June.

Mahonia fruits (Mahonia x media, et al)  If you like your fruits tart, you will love Mahonia and Berberis plants. The range of species produce various shaped berries, from oval to spherical. They are purple/blue, with the yeast bloom covering. Mahonia fruits are high in pectin and make a great addition to jams. For me, they are always a highlight of urban foraging in June. With dates and molasses, Mahonia fruit combines to produce a stunning ketchup.

Yarrow flowers are best picked just before this stage, as the buds burst open

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)  Very common aromatic herb of grassy settings. The baby leaves are good in salads and the whole plant, especially the flowers are a super-useful wound herb, and a renowned digestive bitter. It’s the only plant used in more than 5000 years by the Chinese for their oracle, the I Ching. Read more on yarrow here.

 

These rocket leaves contain far more of a peppery punch than any shop bought variety

Wall rockets (Diplotaxis tenuifolia and D.muralis) These are two of the punchiest rockets you are ever likely to eat. Both of these two species have yellow flowers, 1 cm across. The rockets will grow in a number of settings, especially in and around urban areas, although predominantly in south eastern and southern Britain.

Unfortunately for our cousins north of the border, the perennial and annual wall rockets are almost absent in Scotland, except for a few spots here and there. In Wales they are only occasionally found, dotted along the coast.

 

Meadowsweet flowers will be laden with salicylic acid, and provided the eventual source material for aspirin

Meadowsweet  Once found, never forgotten. For me it was at least. In full flower, and with its frothy creamy sprays of tiny flowers, this plant looks and smells divine especially when the sun is out. Meadowsweet is a common sight of waterways, hugging the banks the length and breadth of Britain. If you can find the last of the elder flowers with the first of the meadowsweet flowers, your champagne can reach new levels! Read more about this remarkable game-changing herbal medicine.

 

Wild strawberry fruits are so sweet and exquisitely fragrant, they completely eclipse the garden variety in terms of flavour

Wild strawberry  Since the beginning of May, the white and yellow flowers have been out en masse in many parts of the country. The small, red, conical fruits should be ripe and ready by second half of June. There is no cultivated strawberry that can match the fragrant sweet flavour of wild Fragraria fruits.

 

Mallow flowers are quickly followed by the round seed pods, known by many as cheeses.

Mallow ‘cheeses’  Following the mallow’s showy pink-purple flowers, are the fantastic little seed pods. When picked young, green and crunchy, the mucilage rich seed pods are a great thickener, used in making soups and meringues. They can also be dusted in flour, tossed in oil and fried.

 

Hogweeed flower buds will all soon be open so gather while you can in June

Hogweed broccoli  It’s rare not to find hogweed when out foraging! This plant is probably the second most common member of the carrot family.

In the early part of June there are still plenty of tender young flower buds to harvest. Get to them by removing the tough protective sheath. With the tender flower stem still attached, these make a great replacement for broccoli spears. They can be made into tempura and battered, or steamed and served simply with butter/olive oil and cracked black pepper.

The pungent estuary peas swelling on scurvy grass flower heads

‘Estuary ‘peas’ The various scurvy grass species are found mostly in coastal settings. On salt marshes and estuary tributary-stream banks, you can find lots of racemes of the little fruiting pods on just-flowered specimens. The ‘estuary pea’s are slightly smaller than petis pois, and make a great caper substitute when steeped in a white wine vinegar infused with some spices.

Wall bellflowers have large blue flowers and small, toothed, evergreen leaves. They are easily spotted in many streets of our towns and cities

Wall bellflower A common sight of urban streets, the bellflower is in full flower now, and makes an easily found salad to compliment your summer meals. The crisp leaf has a mild and only very slightly bitter flavour when I have tried in spring. The bitterness may rise in hotter, drier, summer months. The flowers are wonderful tossed in salads, used simply as a garnish or frozen in ice-cubes for cocktails. 

 

Wiry looking samphire stems emerging from shallow mud flats in late spring

Marsh samphire  This plant’s niche in ecological terms is being the first with roots to stabilise silt deposits from the slower moving water of estuaries. In effect, it kicks off the process of creating land, claiming it from the tidal river and sea. Knowing this, I pondered on the unrelated Japanese knotweed and its role as the first plant colonising lava deposits in Japan. I see many similarities.

There are annual and perennial species of samphire. The annual plant is a gourmet vegetable. Samphire can only be found on estuary mud flats and salt marshes. Harvest with scissors, cutting the fleshy stems above the silt. If you harvest by hand, inevitably you will pull up this shallow rooting plant.

In the right setting, you will find an abundance of samphire. Even if you live a fair trek from the coast, go! Finding always beats buying for excitement and flavour. In the UK, shop-bought samphire will come mostly from Israel.

Mushroom foraging in June

Chicken of the woods (Laetiporus sulphureus)            Gourmet fungi foraging in June.

I found this gorgeous, but out of reach Chicken of the woods growing on willow in Oxford on the Mill stream when foraging in June a few years ago.
A tantalisingly out of-range Chicken of the woods growing on crack willow in Oxford. I Found this when foraging in June along the river Thames Mill stream

The first chicken of the woods of the year are a special treat. This bracket fungus has distinctive colouring, and you really shouldn’t be able to be mistake it with other fungus here in Britain.

If catching the sunlight, the bright orange/yellow flesh of COTW can really dazzle. When young, the orange cap contrasts with the lemon yellow colour of the spore producing underside. As an older specimen, COTW loses its colour and vitality.

As a saprophytic fungus, COTW can be found on standing trees, alive and dead. The ecological role of saprophytic organisms is to decompose cellulose material in trees. In the case of this fungus, it produces a characteristic square-shaped, brown ‘cubic rot’. When you are out foraging in June and see a proud tree, covered in chicken of the woods, it’s a clear sign that the tree won’t be standing for very much longer!

This became evident one year out foraging with my arch foraging buddy Anna. She had found a large Oak with many separate stacks of COTW all the way up the trunk.

We harvested what was in reach and thanked our lucky stars.

When returning to the tree the next year, we found it again…but now two thirds of it was on the ground. The fungus still appears on the standing third, and continues to give a good yearly harvest.

Harvest the fungus with a knife. I cut about an inch or two away from the trunk on the younger specimens. Leave a bit more on the older, tougher specimens. When fresh, the different ‘shelves’ will exude quite a bit of juice as you cut and handle them. On cutting or tearing the fungus, you will see the similar fibrous texture of cooked chicken.

Using the softer margins and leaving the harder, older material found at the wood, you can replicate the texture, and to some extent, the flavour, of chicken. It has to be seen and tasted to believed. It is best either well-marinaded or cooked in some liquor. COTW readily absorbs oil and will cook dry if not allowed to swoosh around in some juice.

CAUTION! A small percentage of the population are known to get unpleasant reactions to chicken of the woods. As mentioned elsewhere in this website, test your tolerance first!

To preserve the fungus it needs to be cooked and frozen or pickled. Drying it produces poor results.

More wild foods and medicines are coming soon. If you want to learn more about the arts and crafts of wild food foraging then book on a foraging walk or course today!

Foraging for Alexanders. A versatile & abundant wild food.

Foraging for alexanders. Another never ending wild plant affair.

Dense patches are a common sight when foraging for alexanders. This patch stretched on like this for more than 100 metres

No matter the time of year, it is always time to go foraging for alexanders

Foraging for alexanders, just like many other plants I cover in these pages, is a never ending affair, offering us all year round harvesting opportunities. This plant deserves our attention. In fact, invasive plants such as alexanders demand my foraging attention because of their abundance as well as thier versatility in the kitchen. Although their impact may be well known, their nutritional and medicinal virtues need highlighting, especially with austerity defining our economic zetigeist. Invasive edibles need harvesting, processing, experimenting with, and eating.

A flick through antiquated gardening books will show that alexanders is one of numerous wild edible species that were formerly consigned to the compost heap of history, but thanks to a resurgence in interest in our wild foods, are  now rightly regaining favour in the kitchen of the adventurous.

When foraging for alexanders, I uprooted a plant growing happily on top of concrete. See the right angled root growth at the top

Brought to Britain from the Mediterranean by Romans, who knew it as the ‘rock parsley of Alexandria’, this biennial plant took an instant liking to our rich fertile soils, especially around the coast. It can now be found in large, often unmanageable numbers, in these habitats.

This plant is endowed with some extraordinary abilities to thrive. I once picked a specimen, from what I thought was soil covered by leaves, only to find a large concrete slab just a couple of inches below the leaf mold. Yet a substantial tap-root had adapted to these surroundings and grown in an ‘L’ shape and was as big as if grown vertically in a rich, loamy soil.

The tender young leaf shoots are a favourite foraging nibblee, and will be found all winter when foraging for alexanders

Permaculture designers as well as foragers can utilise this vigorous growth, and other useful competitive advantages. These includes the setting of copious amounts of freely germinating seed and a winter/spring growing season. Both of these traits ensure that masses of plants establish themselves early each autumn.

Because of its vigorous/invasive nature, foragers are likely to discover that simply asking landowners if you can uproot the plant (a legal requirement), will be greeted with “Please! Take as much as you want”!

Botanical description to help identification when foraging for alexanders

As a member of the Apiaceae (formerly Umbelliferae) family, extreme caution should always be exercised before picking. 

The yellow compound umbel flowers helps to stand this plant out from the crowd of similar-looking umbellifers

Aside from their well-documented potentially poisonous qualities, their photo-toxicity needs mentioning. And while it is true that a number of the umbellifers are deadly poisonous, alexanders offers the beginner an easy introduction to identifying these notoriously difficult plants and becoming acquainted with the carrot family as a whole. 

Alexanders is a hairless and aromatic plant, containing its essential oil glands within the leaves. This contrasts to another aromatic family (Lamiaceae – mints) which tend to produce external glandular hairs. So when seeking out the aromatics unique to a species, crushing and sniffing a leaf is, as ever, vital. More information on medicinal plant constituents and their actions can be found here.

The generic name Smyrnium alludes to the myrrh-like aromatics, whereas the specific epithet olusatrum refers to the black colour of the mature seeds and the skin on the roots.

The basal leaves are on large petioles – sheathed at the base, and often found with a pink-tinge. The hollow petioles are shaped like flattened cylinders, and covered with thin lines. Upper stem leaves are sessile (without stalks).

When out foraging for alexanders,it is possible that untrained eyes may confuse it with wild angelica (Angelica sylvestris) or wild celery (Apium graveolens), which can both be found sharing the same coastal habitat.

On close inspection however, you will notice a number of clear differences. Alexanders leaves are triangular-shaped – like numerous umbellifers, but the leaflets appear in groups of three (ternate) – in contrast to many other relatives with pinnate divisions (pinnae: Latin feather).

This short video explains how to identify pinnate-leaved carrot family plants 

Alexanders leaflets are in groups of three and on close inspection reveal tiny white hydathodes on the serration tips.

The glossy lime-green leaves of alexanders are able to be identified with a single characteristic: the tiny white hydathodes (glands that exude water on the teeth or tips of a leaf). These are not found on any other umbellifer in Britain. The leaflets are oval(ish), with rounded crenate-serrations.

Fully grown angelica leaves will reveal 3 or 4 pinnate divisions, typically with a purple tinge to each leaflet margin as well as the leaf stalk. Where as celery has glossy, once pinnate leaves, with lobed leaflets, on deeply grooved and ridged petioles. The distinctive celery smell immediately sets it apart from other umbellifers.

A typical sight if foraging for alexanders in spring…a mass of yellow flowers on stems that are now unfit for harvesting

Alexanders produces young flowering stems in February and March. These are solid at first, becoming hollow with age. When cutting you can briefly see a white latex. The stems are branched and slightly ridged with green vertical stripes.

The umbrella-like inflorescence quickly unfurls in early spring sunshine. The yellow flowers have five petals, and are followed by the large aromatic seeds – green at first, turning black when ripe. More information on identifying plants using their observable plant family patterns can be found here.

Cookery ideas using alexanders

The leaves can be added to soups or used sparingly in salads when chopped. The young emerging leaf shoots with their tender white bases, are great steamed, stir fried or battered in rice and gram flour.

A jar of rhubarb and alexanders jam

I think the tender young flower stems are delectable when harvested at the right time. This timing will always be site and specimen specific, as my article on the edibility of edible wild plants discusses. Stems need to be picked well before the flowers are out, to ensure tenderness. When steamed, they are magnificent served simply, with cracked black pepper and butter or olive oil.

In other pages I have created a guide to harvesting wild plants as well as a discussion on how the timing of harvests greatly influences edibility.

Alexanders and rhubarb jam on sourdough bread. A lovely late winter / early spring wild food treat

For lovers of preserves, the stems also make a superb late-winter jam when combined with early forced rhubarb. Somehow, the two plants produce a melon or kiwi fruit flavour! I recommend leaving the thinner stems unpeeled, as the stripes add more visual impact in the finished product.

The stems can be candied if you fancy, just like angelica, but most of the aromatics are lost with repeated heating, and its a fiddly, time-consuming business. Better still, the very young, tightly packed flower buds can be made into an unusual aromatic fudge-like sweet, with muscavado sugar, vanilla pods and butter, and they make a great wild replacement for cauliflower in a tangy piccalilli (Thanks Anna!)

With seven plant parts to use, there are lots of reasons to go foraging for alexanders
The jet black seeds of alexanders were formerly used as a seasoning, before pepper became widely available

I use the roots in soups, or par-boiled, before being sautéed or roasted. They have a somewhat floury texture when roasted, but will retain a hint of bitterness. Upon flower initiation (up to five weeks before we see evidence), the roots will begin to become more fibrous, so early specimens are best.

Alexanders seed are a great hedgerow spice! They can be made into a pickle, lacto-fermented, or used just as they are, where their volatile constituents and bitter green tones offer slightly different flavour profiles than the mature, black seeds.

They offer similar textures and a hint of a pepper-like top note. If pan roasted first, the flavour profile softens and balances out further, similar to using its family relatives coriander, cumin, assa-feotida, and fennel.

A selection of my wild food recipes, including alexanders and rhubarb jam, can be found here.

This plant is another of the 52 featured species in my foragers playing cards – a perfect way to learn and play! These cards together with my other sets of wild food cards, are available from from the shop.

Happy foraging!

Foraging Garlic Mustard / Jack-by-the-hedge / Alliaria Petiolata

Foraging Garlic Mustard – The Creme of the Hedgerow

Learn about foraging garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) Brassicaceae

Wild food hedgerow walks in winter are almost guaranteed to throw up opportunities to go foraging garlic mustard. For me, it’s one of the best wild food resources you can find in the hedgerows.

This plant is also mentioned in my winter foraging guide, and features in my foragers card game sets. The subject of cooking with and foraging garlic mustard needed an article all to itself, so here goes. You can find a recipe for a garlic mustard creme  in the wild food recipes page.

Why go foraging garlic mustard?

Abundance, and simply because it doesn’t really stop giving. There are 8 different plant parts you can use throughout its gradual metamorphosis, and as the seasons pass, you will almost always find something to harvest.

  • Tap roots
  • Leaves
  • Petioles from new growth in spring
  • Stems, when young and tender
  • Flowering Shoots
  • Flowers
  • Seeds
  • Microgreens

Foraging garlic mustard can offer us similar health benefits to those we know from some closely related species, such as horseradish (Armoracia rusticana), watercress (Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum) and hedge mustard (Sisymbrium officinale).

When we go foraging garlic mustard we are helping to keep in check a plant that is counted in certain parts of North America, where it has no natural predators, as a virulent invasive weed, proving so far impossible to .

Botanical and sensual description to help I/D when foraging garlic mustard

Garlic Mustard is an annual or biennial herbaceous plant.

Remember that in practice, the terms ‘annual’ or ‘biennial’ are often ambiguous, and are frequently used as purely descriptive categories for the nurseries and gardens to explain cultivation.

Annual’s – are mostly used to describe plants that complete their life-cycle in less than 12 months. However, these plants can sometimes grow longer than 12 months. Some of the plants  grown in the UK are treated as annuals, i.e. chili peppers,especially when they originate in sub-tropical climates.

Biennial’s – Taking more than one whole growing season to complete life cycle. can often be found over-wintering as a basal rosette. However, many seeds germinate in July and August, and can be in flower by  the next summer.

Garlic mustard produces overwintering rosettes of simple, kidney-shaped leaves, found on long petioles. These typically grow to approximately 10-15 cm across and can be a darker green colour during the winter. The leaves are net-veined with wavy and crenated margins.

 

Its’s leaves give off a recognisable pungent garlic / cabbage aromas when crushed. This is due to the presence of volatile sulphurous compounds, which as I mentioned in the watercress article are proving to be more than efficient at arresting the growth of some common cancers.

A large number of the Brassica family plants are identifiable from smell alone. Given that this family are all edible, then you can proceed to experiment when you know you have a brassica. Other recognisable Brassica  family patterns in the flowers, and the leaves will soon become apparent when you begin to use this easy-to-learn system for identifying plants.

As the seasonal weather patterns change here in the UK, due to human’s increasingly stark effects on the climate, flowering times may become somewhat erratic. Currently, we see full blooms of garlic mustard during April and into May. Flowering stems have a number of branches.

Leaves are alternately spaced on the stems, and gradually become more refined in size and shape, with a much smaller leaf stalk. They are soft apart from in winter, when they are somewhat more coarse – a necessity I suppose, given the lack of available sunshine coupled with the lower temperatures. Something worth noting for quite a few hardy herbaceous species.

The broccoli-type floret heads soon expand to reveal the pretty white flowers. These get to 10 mm across. Both are a beautiful wayside nibble. More moments to enjoy ambulating consumption!

All brassicas display flowers similar to a mini broccoli type head. Foraging garlic mustard will quickly bring you up to speed
Foraging garlic mustard flowers from March through April. Thy are a familiar brassica display of a broccoli type head

 

A common scene of ripening garlic mustard seed pods in late spring, having taken over municipal beds

 

Long, thin seed pods eventually form, that will split in two, revealing lines of brown seeds. These seeds are a mini cigar-shape, rather than round as found in many other family relatives such as mustard. Pods are held at angles on the flowering stem. The seeds are pungent when crushed.

During the early summer the seeds mature, pods wither, and eventually split to reveal their treasure. As many as 8000 seeds per plant are produced, which reportedly converts to a staggering potential seed bank of 100,000 seeds per square metre!

Germination en masse is the inevitable result  of this tactic, by a plant from the superb brassica family, for these plants are well-known for their indifference to soil, and without need for mycorrhizae. In the plant kingdom you can forage for a multitude of these plants on poor soils by the sea and estuary, together with the Chenopodiaceae family of beets, goosefoots, oraches and samphires. On these types of soil, mycorrhizae won’t be found, or for that matter, any soil humus. In this harsh environment, both these two plant families are reliable exponents of mass germination, and can sometimes offer a plentiful source of micro greens.

Garlic mustard can appear as small carpets of microgreens from the thousands of seeds each mature plant can produce

Habitats to look in when out foraging garlic mustard

This plant can be found in a number of settings. Unsurprisingly for a plant that has the word ‘hedge’ in a couple of common names, its favourite habitat are hedgerows.

You can also find it at woodland edges, shady grass banks, on waste-ground, at the base of walls and fences in urban settings, and as a common weed of cultivation.

More distribution information, including a map, its ecological requirements and other nuggets can be found on the British and Irish online flora. Another great Scientific resource for garlic mustard and other plants is the Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International

Culinary uses of garlic mustard

Cultures from around the world have long used this plant, primarily the European people, because the plant is native to the NorthWestern region.  Its abundance wherever happy to grow means the leaves or other things are always available to add to the pot.

You may have already seen numerous recipes online for pesto, soups and salads based on this ubiquitous plant. I like a pesto, but prefer the leaves of this plant as lightly cooked greens dressed with olive oil / butter and lemon juice.

At some points of the year I inevitably throw them in to a well seasoned and spiced gram flour batter, along with a dozen or so different plant leaves, to make a wild leaf pakora. Look out for mass germination carpets of microgreens during late summer/early autumn, or in spring.

From mid to late spring, the flowering spears appearing everywhere are fantastic, being juicy, sweet, crunchy and peppery. I think they’re perfect raw, on the hoof, or in salads. These are my favourite food.

But the best medicinal part the plant are the tap roots. This then is my cream of the Garlic mustard crop. The root has no garlic flavour though. What you get is a poky blast of horseradish-like, sinus cleansing, microbe-killing heat! Brilliant, that’s any germs or beginnings of infection killed too!

 

The result of two minutes foraging garlic mustard roots. An easy to find, sinus blasting replacement for horseradish
The result of two minutes foraging garlic mustard roots

 

It takes just minutes to collect and only 15 mins or so to wash, scrub and chop the roots, before making something I reckon you will regularly want on your dinner table. Alliaria creme sauce.

From malicious to delicious. Alliaria creme sauce

The recipe for this simple condiment is going up soon on the foraged food page.

Happy foraging